The basic knowledge of verbs (II)

大家好,今天让我们继续来学习动词吧。是不是赶脚动词真烦没完没了的呀,但是没办法,人家重要啊,所以咱这节课还是学习动词,主要学习对象是动名词Gerund 和 不定式infinitive哦。

Objectives:

  1. Gerund
  2. Infinitive

Step by step:

  1. Distinguish between present participle and gerund
  2. Use of gerund
  3. As subject—Smoking may cause cancer.  Seeing is believing.  Finding work is difficult these days.  Growing flowers is her hobby.  Drinking milk is good for our health.  Eating too much junk food is not good.  It’s useless arguing with her.  It was tiring working all day.  It’s a waste of time reading that book.  Is it tiring working all day? (in interrogative sentences)
  4. As object—I suggest ending the meeting.  Do you enjoy living here?  I like/love travelling very much.  He hates go shopping.  She couldn’t help laughing.  It stopped raining.  He keeps complaining all day.  Do you prefer living abroad?  Would you mind opening the window?
  5. As object of preposition—Are you interested in coming with us?  He is excited at seeing her.  She looks forward to hearing from him.  He never complains about working too much.  Thank you for helping us.  How about coming with us together?
  6. Fixed: certain warnings—No smoking.  No spitting.  No parking.  No burning.
  7. Infinitive
  8. As subject—To do like this is silly.  To cook is easy.  To help others is a happy thing.  To waste time is a crime.  It’s impossible to finish the job in one day.  It’s so good/ nice to talk with you.  It took me two hours to finish homework.  Is it easy to learn a foreign language?
  9. As object—He agreed to apologize.  She refuses to marry him.  You must learn to look after yourself.  He wants to go skating tomorrow.  I need to take a rest.  Mary asks me to help her.  Don’t teach a fish to swim.  They want me to stay with them.  He encourages me to try again.  The host tells the guest to sit down.  I expected you to win the competition.
  10. As adverbial—(purpose) I went to the supermarket to buy some milk.  We sit together to keep warm.  She’s going to Beijing to see her friends.  We need some money to buy food.  To make more money, we have to work hard.  (be + adj. to do) I’m afraid to see her.  I’m sorry to hear that.  I’m happy to talk with you.
  11. Comparison between gerund and infinitive
  12. Different
  •  remember—I remember telling you about it. / Remember to tell him about it.
  •  forget—I forget to turn off the light. / I forget turning off the light.
  •  need—The car needs repairing. / You don’t need to worry about her.
  •  stop—He stopped talking to us. / He stopped to talk to us.
  1. Minute difference—the gerund shows habit whereas the infinitive something will happen
  •   like—Do you like watching TV? / Do you like to watch TV
  •   love—She loves living in the countryside. / She loves to live in the countryside.
  •   hate—I hate asking others for help. / I hate to ask others for help.
  1. Same
  •   begin—They began to talk. / They began talking.
  •   start—It starts to rain. / It starts raining.
  •    continue—She continues to work. / She continues working.
    小伙伴们,你学会了吗?

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