The basic knowledge of verbs (I)

大家好,今天让我们接着学习动词。这节课的主要学习对象是实意动词notional verbs和系动词link verbs,情态动词modal verbs以及助动词auxiliary verbs 。


  1. Notional verbs—transitive and intransitive verbs
  2. Link verbs—be and sensory verbs
  3. Modal verbs—can, should, may, must
  4. Auxiliary verbs—do, does, did, have

step by step:

  1. Transitive verbs + object
  2. I can’t afford a new car.  I need a new computer.  They are cutting trees.  I received your letter.  He doesn’t have much money.  Don’t waste time and money.  We warmly welcome your visit.  Trust me, you can make it.
  3. They invited me to the party.  The teacher divided the students into three groups.  Sorry, I mistook you for him.  He treats them as his best friends.  He treated her to a lavish dinner.
  4. Send the parcel to Mr Zhang. (Send Mr Zhang the parcel.)  Rooney passes the ball to Beckham. (Rooney passes Beckham the ball.)  Please sing me a song. (Please sing a song for me.)  James bought Maggie a gift. (James bought a gift for Maggie.)
  5. I wish you happiness.  The car costs me 10,000 dollars.
  6. Intransitive verbs
  7. Come here! Go there!  She coughs violently.  We have lived here for seven years.  They’re sitting in the grass.  She died young.
  8. Now listen to me.  What do you think of this city?  The plan depends on the weather.
  9. Link verbs + adj.
  10. be—Be quiet!  Who is that?  What are you doing here?
  11. look—That book looks interesting.  She looks beautiful this evening.
  12. smell—The chicken smells good.  The room smells damp.
  13. sound—That sounds interesting.  His voice sounds strange on the phone.
  14. taste—The milk doesn’t taste right.  It tastes sweet/ bitter.
  15. Modal verbs
  16. can—(ability)Can you play the violin?  She can swim very well.  (possibility)I can call you tomorrow.  I’m afraid I can’t go with you.  (permission, spoken)You can take the book home. You can’t smoke here.
  17. may—(polite question)May I use your mobile phone?  May I come in?  (possibility)He may know Tom’s address.  They may be waiting at the station.  (wishes) May God be with you!  May she rest in peace!
  18. should—(right, appropriate)Should I call him and apologize?  You should stay here and wait.
  19. must—(compelled)I’m afraid I must go now. You must finish the homework this evening. (deduction)They must twins. It’s noisy nest door, the couple must be fighting again. (right, appropriate)You must admit that you are wrong.
  20. Auxiliary verbs
  21. do/ does/ did

Does he work here?  Do you smoke?  Did you ever love her?  Why did you love her?  What did you eat for breakfast?

He doesn’t work here.  I don’t smoke.  I didn’t love her from the beginning..

  1. have

Have you been to Britain?  How long have you been here?

I’ve never been abroad.  I’ve been here for two years.


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