The basic knowledge of pronouns (II)

大家好,今天让我们一起来接着上节课继续来学习代词pronouns吧。学习对象是反身代词reflexive pronouns,不定代词indefinite pronouns和疑问代词interrogative pronouns。


  1. Reflexive pronouns
  2. Indefinite pronouns
  3. Interrogative pronouns

Step by step:

  1. a. reflexive pronouns
First person Second person Third person
Singular myself yourself himself, herself, itself
Plural ourselves yourselves themselves
  •     As object—Please introduce yourself first.  Help yourself to some fish.  They enjoyed themselves on the beach last year.   He cut himself in the kitchen.   Watch out, don’t hurt yourself.
  •     As object of preposition—He’s looking at himself in the mirror.   Sometimes I talk to myself.   Take good care of yourself.   You must learn to look after yourself.   I’m angry with myself for making such a stupid mistake.
  •    by yourself(alone)—I went on holiday by myself.   He went out for a walk by himself.   The little girl travelled to Beijing by herself.
  •     As adverb (to emphasize)—I’ll do it myself.  You can go there yourself.  She cooked herself.

b. reciprocal pronouns—each other

We help each other in study.   We’ve known each other for many years.  They look at each other.

  1. Indefinite pronouns
  2. somebody(one)/something,anybody(one)/anything,everybody(one)/everything, nothing/nobody(one)

Somebody(one) is waiting for you outside.   Someone’s calling you.   Does anybody have a question?   I don’t know anybody here.  There’s something wrong with my eye.  Is there anything wrong?  I can’t do anything.  Everybody loves Raymond.  Everything’s OK.  Money isn’t everything.  I know nothing.  Who’s in the room? Nobody. (No one)

  1. some, any, no
  •       Some of us can speak foreign language.   Some believe it is true.   Do you want any?
  •      Some people think it’s impossible.  She bought some cakes.  Do you have any money now?
  •     Could you lend me some money?  Would you like some tea?
  •     No man is born wise.   There is no student in the classroom.   I have no letters here.
  1. many, much, (a) few, (a) little
  •      Do you have many friends?  How many people are there in your family?  He makes so many mistakes.  Not many people are interested in the plan.
  •      How much are the apples?   I don’t have much time.  There isn’t much water in the river.
  •       He asked me a few questions.  He was a student a few years ago.  She’s got a few problems.
  •       There’s only a little milk, sugar, salt and a few onions.   She has only a little money.
  •       He has few friends. There are few cars here.  Few students can answer this question.
  •      She has little time to relax. They have little interest in the plan. We know little information about her.

3.  Interrogative pronouns (word order in interrogative sentences in brief)

a. Who’s that girl?  Who wants to go with us?  Who broke the window?  (Oral English) Who did you meet last night?  Who did you see just now?  Who are you thinking of?

b. (written English) Whom did you meet last night?  Whom did you see just now?  For whom the bell tolls.  To whom are you writing?  Whom did she come with? (“whom” closely follows a preposition.)

c. Whose umbrella is this?  Whose fault is it?  Whose is the money?  Whose is better, yours or hers?

d. What’s up?  What’s the matter?  What can I do for you?  What colour is the sky?  What makes you so happy?

e. Which is your seat?  Which of them is late?  Which do you prefer, tea or coffee?  Which of them should I talk with?  Which way should we go?


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