The basic knowledge of pronouns (I)

大家好,今天让我们一起来学习下代词pronouns吧。学习对象是人称代词personal pronouns,物主代词possessive pronouns以及指示代词demonstrative pronouns。

Objectives:

  1. Personal pronouns
  2. Possessive pronouns
  3. Demonstrative pronouns

Step by step:

  1. Personal pronouns are used to substitute the nouns mentioned before.(compare with Chinese)
First person Second person Third person
Nominative case I, we you, you he, she, it, they
Accusative case me, us you, you him, her, it, them
  1. Accusative case used as the objects of verb.

I love/ hate you.  Thank you.  We really need to thank them.  May I help you?  Are you kidding me?

She refuses to marry him.  I promise you.  They asked me to help them.  I’ve told him not to hurt them.

I have a letter here, would you please send it to the post office?  Can you give me a hand?  Will you do me a favour?  The apples have gone bad, throw them away.

  1. Accusative case used as the objects of preposition

She never cares about them. I did it for you.  Why are you looking at me? The box looks very heavy, give it to me.  The salt is over there, pass it to me please.  Come with me. She is waiting for him outside.

  1. The use of it

TIME: What time is it?  It’s half past eleven.  It’s too late, I must go now.   It’s time for lunch.

DATE AND DAY: What day is it today? It’s Sunday.   What’s the date tomorrow?  It’s Aug. 8th.

DISTANCE: How far is it from here to the metro station?  It’s a long way.  It isn’t far.

WEATHER: It’s raining again.  Will it snow tomorrow?   It’s a nice day.  It’s hot/cool/warm, etc.

PATTERN: Hi, there. It’s so nice see you again.  It’s difficult to understand her.  It’s impossible to win.

  1. Possessive pronouns show something BELONGS TO somebody.
First person Second person Third person
Adjective my, our your, your his, her, their, its
Nominal mine, ours yours, yours his, hers, theirs, its
  1. adjective + n.

Is this your book?   My house is new.  We went back to our school.   His father and mother are arguing.  She has to cook for her brothers and sisters.   Their life is painful.  The cat is having its dinner.

  1. nominal(used alone)

This book is mine, not yours. Yours is on the shelf.   Is this pen his or hers?   The sheep are ours, theirs are much thinner.

  1. Question—Whose book is this? It’s mine/ my book.
  2. Demonstrative pronouns—this, that, these, those
  3. Introduction—Charles, this is Claudia, Claudia, this is Charles.
  4. Making phone calls—Hello, who’s that?  This is Claudia.
  5. This room is too small.   These problems are a little difficult to us.   That cat is sleeping.   Those sheep are on the hill.  This is a very beautiful garden, but it’s too small.   Who’s that?    Which flowers do you like? These or those?
  6. Repeat the nouns or the whole sentence mentioned before

-I’m sorry I’m late. –That’s all right.   Thank you for your meal. That’s a nice meal.   –I’m going swimming tomorrow. –That’s a good idea.   Life today is better than that in the past.

e. PATTERN: this week/ morning/ afternoon/ evening/ year,  That’s all.

小伙伴们,你学会了吗?

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