大家好，今天让我们一起来学习下名词的基本知识,纯英文的希望大家能看习惯哦。主要学习对象是可数名词countable nouns 和不可数名词uncountable nouns,可数名词的单复数形式以及名词的所有格。
- Countable and uncountable nouns
- Singular and plural forms of countable nouns
- Possessives of nouns
step by step:
- Uncountable nouns—generally, abstract and material nouns are uncountable.
- (the) + uncountable nouns
The weather is good today. We can’t live without water. The air is very wet here.
The milk has gone bad. Meat/ pork/ beef is good for our health. I love green tea.
- some(any)/ much/ a little/ a lot(lots) of + uncountable nouns
We don’t have much furniture. There isn’t any water in the lake. Can you give me a little salt?
Can you lend me some money? Would you like some honey? There is lots of information on the Internet. I need some fresh air. The printer doesn’t have any paper in it.
c. a piece/glass/bottle .etc of + uncountable nouns
a piece of paper, a glass of water, a bottle of wine, a cup of coffee, a loaf of bread, a bar of chocolate, a piece of news, a bowl of soup, a jar of honey
d. Some nouns can be used as both countable and uncountable resulting in different meanings.
2. singular and plural forms of countable nouns
a. a/an + singular form
They have a son and a daughter. She’s wearing a coat today. There is an umbrella on the wall. An accident happened here yesterday.
b. some(any)/many/a few/a lot(lots) of/cardinal number + plural form
-s/es: They have two sons and four daughters. How many flowers are there in the garden? We bought many tomatoes and a few potatoes. There are lots of heroes in the history. Many buses go there. I have two watches.
-ves: There are three knives in the kitchen. The emperor had lots of wives. Many leaves fall off the tree in the autumn.
-ies: Many families have only one child today. I have two dictionaries. They are going to hold a few parties tomorrow.
-irregular: Many men, women and children are dancing here. He has two feet and four teeth. Some mice are in my room.
-only plural form: Are you wearing glasses? I need a pair of scissors. She likes shopping and bought lots of clothes: a pair of trousers, some jeans, a few shorts, many tights and some pairs of pyjamas. A lot of people speak English. The police are chasing the thief.
-sing. = pl. : A group of sheep are grazing in the field. There are many deer in the forest. They caught a lot of fish.
3. possessive of nouns–used to show something belongs to somebody.
-s: David’s car, my friend’s friends, my boss’s car
-‘: my parents’ house, my friends’ friends, my bosses’ cars
of: the roof of the house, the capital of China, the name of that film