The basic knowledge of adverbs



  1. Use and categories of adverbs
  2. Comparative and superlative of adverbs

Step by step:

  1. Compare adverbs in Chinese and English
  2. Categories of adverbs
  3. Adverbs are used to modify adjectives, verbs or the whole sentence, showing time, place, manner, frequency, or combining two sentences, usually placed after the word it modifies.
  4. lucky—luckily, happy—happily, easy—easily; beautiful—beautifully, quick—quickly, careful—carefully; fast—fast, early—early, hard—hard; good—well
  5. Categories of adverbs
  •       Adverbs of time—I came here three years ago.  It’s raining now.  What are you going to do this weekend?  See you later.  Where were you yesterday?  I didn’t sleep well last night.
  •       Adverbs of frequency—She always work at weekends.  I often go for a walk after dinner.  Sometimes you can see her in the library.  I usually have bread for breakfast.  I’ve never been abroad.
  •      Adverbs of place—Here you are.  There is an old man outside.  I saw you somewhere.  They live nearby.  Go upstairs/ downstairs.  I can’t find him everywhere.
  •     Adverbs of manner/ degree—He runs very fast.  He listens carefully in class.  She usually gets up very early in the morning.  He talked quietly.  We safely arrived.  It’s raining heavily.  Think clearly.
  •    Adverbs of the whole sentence—Frankly, I don’t agree with you.  Luckily, we are safe.  However, tomorrow is another day.  Besides, I have something important to tell you.
  1. Comparative and superlative
  2. Rules of transformation
  •    Single syllable and some double syllables

hard—harder—hardest  fast—faster—fastest  late—later—latest  early—earlier—earliest

  •     Most double syllables and multiple syllables

quickly—more quickly—(the) most quickly,  carefully—more carefully—most carefully

  •     Irregular—   good/well—better—best,       bad/badly—worse—worst, far/far—farther/further—farthest/furthest
  1. Uses of comparative and superlative
  •      Please speak more slowly.  Come earlier next time and don’t be late again.  She thinks she should worker harder in the future.  You must speak less and listen more.  Walk faster, I don’t want to miss the plane.
  •     A car runs faster than a bike, but runs more slowly than a plane.  She works harder than he.  He came to work earlier today than yesterday.  I believe you can do it better than him.  He can swim farther than me.
  •    I sing worst in the class.  I like tomatoes most of all the fruits.  Who arrived earliest and latest?  She laughs most happily of all the children.


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