Some rules and examples for /ə/, /ər/,/ɜr/

小伙伴们,大家好,今天让我们来看看/ə/, /ər/, / ɜr /在单词中的组合有哪些

  • /ə/a   about, aloud, alarm, apart, again, ahead, woman, ability;

                      e   oven, open, stolen, silent, talent, problem, moment, incident, prevalent;

                       i   beautiful, tangible, flexible, possible, optimal;

                       of, violent, reason, occasion, solution, potential, tomorrow;

                       u   buffet, success, succeed, suggest, lettuce, wonderful;

                       ou  jealous, marvelous, generous, dangerous, delicious, obvious.

  •  /ər /­er   later, paper, ruler, reader, rider, farmer, supermarket;

                        or   error, labor, harbor, sailor, liquor, sensor, victor, flavor,

author, emperor, calculator;

                         ar   liar, polar, collar, solar, lunar, sugar, regular, singular,

calendar;

                          ur(e)  yogurt, architecture, future, picture, culture,

capture, injure, furniture, adventure, figure;

  •  /ɜr/ er   her, jerk, nerve, herbal, alert, prefer, version,            emerge, immerse, merchant;

                        ir    bird, shirt, skirt, dirty, birthday;

                        ur    burden, urban, murder, surname;

                        or    word, world, work ,worse;

                               ear   earl, pearl, earth, learn, search, research, heard.

在这里,值得注意的是,美式英语有个很特殊风味很浓的卷舌音,类似于北京儿化音,有些朋友由于过于痴迷美式,把没有r的单词,比如说away,about等 /ə/音错发成/ɜr/这样就不对了。所以大家一定要在看到有字母r组合的元音时才有卷舌音。

你学会了吗?

 

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