Different expressions in American English and British English

1. 名词

1-1. 美国英语将其他词类名词化的倾向比英国英语更为明显,特别是那些带介词的短语动词

英式英语                                                            美式英语

to cook out                                                          a cook-out

to know how                                                       the know-how

to run down                                                         the rundown

to be shut in                                                         a shut-in

to stop over                                                        the stopover

1-2. 集合名词做主语时,英国英语的谓语动词可以是单数形式或者复数形式,美国英语几乎总是用单数形式

英式:They are a family who has been very influential in the history of this country.

美式或英式:The committee has decided to look into the matter further.

1-3. 名词作定语时,美国英语多用单数形式,而英国英语则常用其复数形式

英式:The worker decided to form a new trades union.

美式:The worker decided to form a new trade union.

2. 动词

英语中的to have 是个词性不明确的动词。英国人既把它用作助动词又把它用作实义动词;美国人则一律将它当作实义动词来用。

当动词have有致使之意时,美国用have;英国对上级用get,对下级用make.英语中的to have 是个词性不明确的动词。

英式:I will get someone come.

美式:I will have someone come.

3. 形容词

在美国英语中,形容词的比较级可以跟在all the 之后,表示强调。而英国英语则使用any 加形容词比较级这一形式来表示强调

英式:Can’t you do any better than that?

美式:Is that all the better you can do?

4. 时态


英式:I have studied your report already.

美式:I studied your report already.

英式:Now I know what it is! I‘ve forgotten its name.

美式:Now I know what it is! I forgot its name.

5. 日期表达


英式:20th March, 1998 读作 the twentieth of March, nineteen ninety-eight

美式:March 20, 1998 读作 March the twentieth, nineteen ninety-eight

6. 数字读法

6-1. 数字读法,如175

英式:a/one hundred and seventy-five

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